The worst has happened - you or someone in your group has contracted Ebola. Obviously, "if" you have access to a health center - that should be your first choice. But, since the Ebola epidemic could "go south" really fast I include this section accounting for the possibility that hospitals could become overrun. In that case you are likely better off on your own, and some basic knowledge would be helpful. Attempting to treat an Ebola patient yourself should be considered a very drastic measure – a doomsday prepper measure!
The first thing to know about taking care of someone with Ebola is that most Ebola deaths are due to low blood pressure. From bleeding, vomiting and diarrhea an Ebola patient will quickly become dehydrated and lose electrolytes - which are very bad for maintaining blood pressure. As there is no currently available cure or vaccine for Ebola, treating an Ebola patient is totally based on replacing lost blood, lost electrolytes, and maintaining blood pressure.
If the SHTF and the numbers of Ebola cases begins to spike, it may be time to take drastic action and start drawing blood from your group members to refrigerate for possible later use. Once someone is infected with Ebola, it is too late to draw blood to use for transfusions. Use an IV kit to collect blood – normal blood pressure will fill the bag. Aim for 5 liters per person which should hopefully be enough to replace a patient’s blood loss during treatment. That’s alot of blood, so spread your blood collection over a period 10 – 14 days.
As fluid in the blood increases, so does blood pressure. IV saline solution does double-duty by increasing blood pressure and reducing dehydration. Currently, IV saline solution is in short supply, so if you can find it – it will be expensive. But sterile saline solution can also be made easily by boiling water (30 min.) and adding salt to make a 0.9% solution.
As unusual as this sounds if low blood-pressure is becoming a problem, some common substances could help. Caffeine is well known to increase blood-pressure, as can many energy-drinks. Energy drinks may actually be the better choice with the extra nutrients they contain. To replace lost electrolytes, remember that sports drinks (like Gatorade) contain high-levels of electrolytes.
Aspirin will lower blood-pressure and should not be given to an Ebola patient. However, a side-effect of Ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) is that it could actually increase blood-pressure – and that is a good side-effect. Ibuprofen can also lower a fever which is another good side-effect for an Ebola patient.
While looking after an Ebola it is of utmost importance to keep yourself (and others) safe. Keep the patient isolated - which means refrain from entering the quarantine area unless you have to. When you do enter the quarantine room, wear your biosuit and step in a container of bleach when leaving. Sanitize everything - twice! Mop with bleach, and have the patient use as many disposable items as possible. Non-disposable items need to be sterilized, which can done by placing in a fire or in boiling water.
Ebola patients can produce contaminated waste where Ebola can live for days. Expect (and prepare for) vomiting, and diarrhea. Have a plan for cleaning up, and removing of this waste without transporting it through the rest of your shelter. After clean-up, you may want drop bags of waste out a window where it can be collected and moved away from your shelter. Set-up a dedicated fire pit to burn all waste.